Spectroscopic Observation of He Arcjet Plasma Expanding Through a Converging and Diverging Slit Nozzle
Keywords:arcjet plasma, slit nozzle, plasma spectroscopy
An arcjet plasma generator with a converging and diverging slit nozzle was constructed. This plasma source allowed us to directly observe the arc plasma in the discharge section, which provided useful information about a transition from ionizing thermal plasma to recombining phase. Spatial distributions of the electron temperature and density in the rectangular shaped anode nozzle were evaluated by visible emission spectroscopy. The temperature and density for a discharge current of 20 A were determined to be 0.18 eV and 3.7×1013 cm-3, respectively, at the nozzle throat. The values on the jet axis were compared with those calculated by the gas dynamic theory on one dimensional slit nozzle.
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