Carbon Dioxide Capture from Flue Gas Using a Potassium-Based Sorbent in a Circulating-Turbulent Fluidized Bed

  • Pilaiwan Chaiwang Chulalongkorn University
  • Benjapon Chalermsinsuwan Chulalongkorn University
  • Pornpote Piumsomboon Chulalongkorn University
Keywords: adsorption kinetics, CO2 capture, fluidization, hydrodynamics, potassium based solid sorbent

Abstract

This research aimed to study the carbon dioxide (CO2) capture process using a potassium-based solid sorbent in a circulating fluidized bed riser (CFBR). The solid sorbent in this study was potassium carbonate on gamma alumina supporter (K2CO3/g-Al2O3). The hydrodynamics under a circulating-turbulent fluidized bed (C-TFB) regime occurred when the gas velocity was 1.00 m/s and could promote a solid sorbent distribution, with transition and transport velocities of 0.82 and 2.22 m/s, respectively, giving a uniform solid volume fraction distribution of 0.15 along the CFBR for the CO2 capture process. The study started with finding the operating condition in the riser so that the particle flowed in the reactor in the C-TFB regime. In addition, the kinetic of the adsorption under C-TFB flow regime in the riser was studied and the kinetic parameters corresponding to C-TFB flow regime were determined using deactivation kinetic model.

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Author Biographies

Pilaiwan Chaiwang

Fuels Research Center, Department of Chemical Technology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, 254 Phayathai Road, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand

Benjapon Chalermsinsuwan

Fuels Research Center, Department of Chemical Technology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, 254 Phayathai Road, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand

Center of Excellence on Petrochemical and Materials Technology, Chulalongkorn University, 254, Phayathai Road, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand

Pornpote Piumsomboon

Fuels Research Center, Department of Chemical Technology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, 254 Phayathai Road, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand

Center of Excellence on Petrochemical and Materials Technology, Chulalongkorn University, 254, Phayathai Road, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand

Published In
Vol 23 No 5, Sep 30, 2019
How to Cite
[1]
P. Chaiwang, B. Chalermsinsuwan, and P. Piumsomboon, “Carbon Dioxide Capture from Flue Gas Using a Potassium-Based Sorbent in a Circulating-Turbulent Fluidized Bed”, Eng. J., vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 13-27, Sep. 2019.