Two-Dimensional CFD Simulation of Reducing Operating Pressure Effect on the System Hydrodynamics in a Downer Reactor
The effect of the system hydrodynamics in a circulating fluidized bed downer (CFBD) reactor with a reducing operating pressure and solid mass flux on the hydrodynamics in a downer reactor were evaluated using a two-dimensional computational fluid dynamics simulation. Five low operating pressure conditions (0.90 to 0.99 atm) and four different solid mass fluxes (250 to 1,000 kg/m2 s) were explored. The simulation results demonstrated that the CFBD reactor had a higher mean free path when operated with a low solid mass flux than with a high solid mass flux. Moreover, a large difference between the operating and atmospheric pressures induced a high system turbulence or oscillation. The CFBD reactor with hydrodynamic fluctuation showed a good solid circulation between the gas and solid particles, as reflected by the solid volume fraction and velocities and granular temperature. These phenomena will be suitable for the chemical reaction systems. Therefore, a suitable solid mass flux was in the range of 500 to 750 kg/m2 s for all operating pressures
Authors who publish with Engineering Journal agree to transfer all copyright rights in and to the above work to the Engineering Journal (EJ)'s Editorial Board so that EJ's Editorial Board shall have the right to publish the work for nonprofit use in any media or form. In return, authors retain: (1) all proprietary rights other than copyright; (2) re-use of all or part of the above paper in their other work; (3) right to reproduce or authorize others to reproduce the above paper for authors' personal use or for company use if the source and EJ's copyright notice is indicated, and if the reproduction is not made for the purpose of sale.