A Study of Competitiveness between Low Cost Airlines and High-Speed-Rail: A Case Study of Southern Corridor in Thailand

  • Piti Chantruthai Nakhon Si Thammarat Rajabhat University
  • Sirirat Taneerananon Prince of Songkla University
  • Pichai Taneerananon Prince of Songkla University
Keywords: Low Cost Airlines, High Speed Rail, Willingness-To-Pay

Abstract

This paper investigates the competitiveness between Low Cost Airlines (LCA) and High Speed Rail (HSR) on the southern corridor where LCA predominate at present. A study of passengers' O-D pairs in southern corridor of Thailand was conducted. The O-D surveys were carried out for the 2 sections of the southern corridor: Surat Thani-Bangkok (ST-BKK) and Hat-Yai-Bangkok (HY-BKK). The competitiveness between HSR and LCA and the Willing-To-Pay for the HSR fare were analysed using factors determined by the multinomial logistic regression model and binary logistic regression model, respectively. Competitiveness between HSR and LCA did not depend only on travel time alone but also on factors such as fare difference, users' occupation, household income, education level and trip purposes.The result of the Willingness-To-Pay for the HSR fare showed the fare for O-D pairs between ST-BKK and HY-BKK at 1.8 THB/km (US$ 0.06/km) and 1.5 THB/km (US$ 0.05/km), respectively. The average HSR fare was 1.65 THB/km (US$ 0.055/km). This is in comparison to the fare of HY-BKK 2.45 THB/km (US$ 0.08/km) for a LCA, and an average of 2.65 THB/km (US$ 0.09/km) for another LCA. It is seen that the fare differential of 1 THB/km (US$ 0.03/km) could be significant in making passengers change from LCA to HSR.

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Author Biographies

Piti Chantruthai

Faculty of Industrial Technology, Nakhon Si Thammarat Rajabhat University, Nakhon Si Thammarat 80280, Thailand

Sirirat Taneerananon

Faculty of Liberal Arts, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla 90110, Thailand

Pichai Taneerananon

Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla 90110, Thailand

Published In
Vol 18 No 2, Apr 18, 2014
How to Cite
[1]
P. Chantruthai, S. Taneerananon, and P. Taneerananon, “A Study of Competitiveness between Low Cost Airlines and High-Speed-Rail: A Case Study of Southern Corridor in Thailand”, Eng. J., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 141-162, Apr. 2014.