Public Transportation Improvement Validation Model for Metropolitan City Karachi
Keywords:Metropolitan, public transportation, buses, engineering, Karachi.
Any metropolitan city is identified by its effective operational transportation modes. In between that, public transportation plays vital role for getting the proper scale of the economy and in all aspects. Lesser the rate of vehicle ownership increases the improvement rate in public transport system. But the system should be linked with the effective controlled strategy that resembles with the meaningful and user friendly environment. Choice of mode of transport is selected by the road user which in turn dependent on the facilities provided in the passenger cars. Unfortunately the system of public transportation is diversified due to number of reasons. This not only predominates the Enforcement action but transforms the Engineering measures as well. According to the survey, more than 80% road users are the direct passengers of Buses and Mini buses. Not only that, they are forced to use more than two vehicles during the whole day for their complete trip accommodation. Apart from that, users are not satisfied with the existing network due to several reasons. These include improper route network, illegal work imposition, imbalanced fare collection, adverse vehicle condition, lack of Engineering and Enforcement measures etc. This paper focuses on the main legendary actions that need to be adopted by concerned stakeholders for the effective public transportation system. For the sake of reason, a detailed public opinion survey has been done in which number of associated matters is discussed and recommendations are formulated based on the analyzed results in the paper. The thematic idea of the paper also covers the balanced between the improvement in existing condition and bringing the new innovative solutions that are more realistic to the nature of local users of Karachi city.
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