Functional Ingredients Extraction from Garcinia mangostana Pericarp by Liquefied Dimethyl Ether
Keywords:Liquefied dimethyl ether, Garcinia mangostana, xanthones, extraction.
The mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana Linn.) pericarp contains rich xanthone, a one kind of the polyphenols in the non-edible portion. In recent years, xanthones have been noted as a functionality such as anti-cancer effect and is expected as pharmaceuticals and health supplements. In this work, extraction of xanthones from mangosteen pericarp by using liquefied DME were investigated. Wet powder and cube samples were used as a raw material. Experimental conditions were 35°C, 0.8 MPa with various amounts of sample (1, 3, 6 g). Extracted components were analyzed by using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). As a result, it was confirmed that eight kinds of xanthones such as alpha-mangostin, 3-Isomangostin, Mangostanol, 8-Desoxygartanin, Gartanin, Garcinone E, 9-Hydroxycalabaxanthone, beta-Mangostin were extracted. The highest yield of alpha-mangostin (42.9 mg/g_dry sample) was obtained with a powder sample of 6 g loaded. Final alpha-magostin corresponded to about 104% of the ethanol extraction with wet mangosteen pericarp, and 72% of the dried sample. Therefore, it was considered that in the extraction of xanthones from the mangosteen, liquefied DME extraction was valid.
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