Evaluation of Microstructure and Mechanical Properties in Dissimilar Joint of SSM7075 with SSM356 Aluminum Alloy using Diffusion Bonding
Keywords:SSM7075 aluminum alloys, SSM356 aluminum alloys, diffusion bonding.
The aim of this study is to investigate joining parameters that affect microstructure and mechanical properties of diffusion bonding technique in dissimilar joints between SSM7075 and SSM356 aluminum alloys. Diffusion bonding methods were investigated by joining parameters as follows: contact pressure at 3 MPa, holding time 60 and 120 minutes and temperature at 673, 723, 773 and 823 K respectively, under argon atmosphere at 4 litres per minute. After experiments, the results of the investigation have shown that a condition used contact pressure at 3 MPa, holding time 120 minutes, and temperature at 773 K is complete and no defects and voids. Examination of the joint region using SEM and EDX showed that the microstructure in weld zone after welding is globular structure, and eutectics phases of two materials diffuse together. In weld zone, it was found that formation of eutectic phases has Al2CuMg, Mg2Si and Al2Mg2Zn3 phases along the bond interface, distributed throughout bond interface. The tensile tested showed the maximum tensile strength of 94.94 MPa. The hardness was tested for optimum hardness value, 121.20 HV. However, the heat during welding, resulting in precipitation within the aluminum matrix (α-Al), led to increased hardness after diffusion bonding.
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