A Study on Influential Factors on Building Damage in Kesennuma, Japan from the 2011 Great East Japan Tsunami

Authors

  • Natt Leelawat Tokyo Institute of Technology
  • Anawat Suppasri Tohoku University
  • Ingrid Charvet University College London
  • Takayuki Kimura Fukken Co. Ltd.
  • Daisuke Sugawara Tohoku University
  • Fumihiko Imamura Tohoku University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4186/ej.2015.19.3.105

Keywords:

2011 great east Japan tsunami, building damage level, multinomial logistic regression, prediction.

Abstract

A number of buildings were damaged by the 2011 Great East Japan tsunami in the Tohoku area. The research objective is to determine the significant predictor variables of the level of building damage. This paper used detailed data on damaged buildings in Kesennuma City, Japan, collected by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT). The tested explanatory parameters included the inundation depth, number of floors, volume of the building, debris flow, structural material, and function of the building. Through multinomial logistic regression, the results found that the number of floors was significantly associated with the damage level; the inundation depth, structural material (reinforced concrete and masonry), and function of the building (commercial facility, transportation/storage facility, and public facility) were partially associated with the damage level. This study can contribute to academic research by assessing the contribution of different variables to observed damage data by applying statistical analysis, as well as the practical contribution of providing an examination of the predominant factors driving tsunami damage to buildings.

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Author Biographies

Natt Leelawat

Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Graduate School of Decision Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1-W9-66 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8552, Japan

Anawat Suppasri

International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University, 468-1 Aramaki, Aoga-ku, Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture 980-8579, Japan

Ingrid Charvet

Risk Management Solutions, 30 Monument Street, London EC3R 8NB, United Kingdom
Earthquake and People Interaction Centre, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom

Takayuki Kimura

Fukken Co. Ltd., 2-10-11 Hikarimachi, Higashi-ku, Hiroshima 732-0052, Japan

Daisuke Sugawara

International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University, 468-1 Aramaki, Aoga-ku, Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture 980-8579, Japan

Fumihiko Imamura

International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University, 468-1 Aramaki, Aoga-ku, Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture 980-8579, Japan

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Published In
Vol 19 No 3, May 28, 2015
How to Cite
[1]
N. Leelawat, A. Suppasri, I. Charvet, T. Kimura, D. Sugawara, and F. Imamura, “A Study on Influential Factors on Building Damage in Kesennuma, Japan from the 2011 Great East Japan Tsunami”, Eng. J., vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 105-116, May 2015.