Optimum Design of Steel Structures in Accordance with AISC 2010 Specification Using Heuristic Algorithm
Keywords:Optimization, heuristic algorithm, SAP2000, AISC 2010 specification, direct analysis method, first-order analysis method, effective length method, steel structures.
This paper proposes a heuristic algorithm (HA) for the optimum design of steel structures in accordance with all three methods specified in the ANSI/AISC 360-10 "Specification for Structural Steel Buildings". These methods include the direct analysis method (DAM), and two alternative methods, namely, the first-order analysis method (FAM), and the effective length method (ELM). The objective of the design algorithm is to obtain the least weight for the designed steel sections. The optimum design combines the SAP2000 structural analysis program and the heuristic algorithm that is written in Microsoft Visual Basic program. The rigorous second-order analysis was performed in both DAM and ELM, while the first-order analysis was used in the FAM. Three design examples of planar steel frames are used to illustrate the application. Among the three design methods, the FAM results in lower bound solutions, while the EFM results in upper bound solutions.
Authors who publish with Engineering Journal agree to transfer all copyright rights in and to the above work to the Engineering Journal (EJ)'s Editorial Board so that EJ's Editorial Board shall have the right to publish the work for nonprofit use in any media or form. In return, authors retain: (1) all proprietary rights other than copyright; (2) re-use of all or part of the above paper in their other work; (3) right to reproduce or authorize others to reproduce the above paper for authors' personal use or for company use if the source and EJ's copyright notice is indicated, and if the reproduction is not made for the purpose of sale.