Micromechanical Behavior of Granular Materials Caused by Particle Shapes under Triaxial Loading
Keywords:discrete element, particle shape, intermediate stress ratio, fabric, ellipsoids
The mechanical behavior was investigated of 3 different particle shapes under different stress paths by setting various intermediate stress ratios. The method of 3D discrete element was applied to research the effect of particle shapes with aspect ratios of ellipsoids and spheres, with both specified by height/width values of 0.4, 0.6, and 1 under different intermediate stress ratios or b values. Each one was used with a single particle shape based on 16 different sizes and random rotation angles. All 3 samples were subjected to a limited isotropic pressure of 100 kPa prior to shearing and constant mean stress using a stress controller. Macro behavior was evaluated based on the stress and strain responses. Micro mechanisms were reported based on the coordination number together with the sliding contract fraction. The fabric tensor of the contact normal, normal contact, and tangential contact forces were examined for the various sample shapes during intermediate loadings of different stress ratios. It was found that anisotropic fabrics and the b values relative to the normal contact force were higher than for the contact normal for all shapes. Furthermore, at the peak stress of each stress path, the specific behavior of normal contact forces varied with the particle shape.
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