Quality Improvement of Low-Grade Calcium Carbonate Using Induced Roll Magnetic Separator
Keywords:calcium carbonate, limestone, magnetic separation, iron content, ball mill
Calcium carbonate (CaCO3) is an essential raw material in the manufacture of goods and industrial products like cement, rubber, paper, paints, food, and medicines. For this compound to be economically valuable, however, its quality needs to meet the standard market requirements. Among the various impurities found in natural CaCO3-bearing ores, iron (Fe) is one of the most problematic. In this study, the upgrading of low-grade CaCO3 from a processing plant in Thailand by magnetic separation was investigated. Detailed characterization of the low-grade material was also carried out to identify the solid-phase partitioning of Fe. The results showed that Fe was mainly associated with magnetite and pyrrhotite in the ore, and during processing, additional Fe was introduced from the ball milling process. To improve the quality of this low-grade CaCO3, the effects of magnetic field intensity, feed rate, and repetition on the induce roll magnetic separation were investigated. Based on the results, higher magnetic field intensity, lower feed rate, and more repetition are required for the upgrading of low-grade CaCO3.
Authors who publish with Engineering Journal agree to transfer all copyright rights in and to the above work to the Engineering Journal (EJ)'s Editorial Board so that EJ's Editorial Board shall have the right to publish the work for nonprofit use in any media or form. In return, authors retain: (1) all proprietary rights other than copyright; (2) re-use of all or part of the above paper in their other work; (3) right to reproduce or authorize others to reproduce the above paper for authors' personal use or for company use if the source and EJ's copyright notice is indicated, and if the reproduction is not made for the purpose of sale.