Exploring Qualitative and Quantitative Decoration on Amine-Modified Mesoporous Silica for Enhance Adsorption Performances
Keywords:mesoporous silica, SBA-16, amine-modified, adsorption, uranium
Using the triblock copolymer Pluronic F127 as a surfactant, tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) as a silica source, and hydroxylamine hydrochloride as an amine source, a group of amines-modified mesoporous silica Santa Barbara Amorph-16 (SBA-16) materials with different template withdrawal methods and amine loading concentrations were prepared through sol-gel conditions. The investigation will provide qualitative and quantitative information on amine-modified SBA-16 decoration with a brief overview of the non-destructive analysis methods for advanced materials as adsorbent candidates. Highly ordered mesostructured amine-modified SBA-16 materials were prepared using high-temperature (or calcination) and solvent extraction de-templating methods. Mesostructured amine-modified SBA-16 has been successfully examined using a Synchrotron Radiation Low-Angle X-ray Diffraction (SR-LXRD) instrument for phase identification, Small-Angle Synchrotron X-rays Scattering (SAXS) for identifying structural changes in a porous material, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) for identifying functional groups, Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) elemental analyzer for determining the number of silica, oxygen, and nitrogen elements, and a Specific Surface Area (SSA) analyzer for measuring the specific surface areas. The SR-LXRD and SAXS results demonstrated that the synthesized novel materials were defined unambiguously as a bi-continuous cubic body center Im3m mesostructured. FTIR and SEM-EDS analyses verified that the amine groups were uniformly deposited on the SBA-16 surface. The SSA analyzer results also clarified that the novel materials exhibited ordered and meso-framework amine-modified SBA-16 with a large surface area. Novel materials can be considered high-potential uranium adsorbent candidates. Preliminary adsorption investigations have shown that the amine-modified SBA-16 materials can adsorb uranium in natural seawater showing an uptake capacity of as much as 24.48 mg-U/g-adsorbent.
Authors who publish with Engineering Journal agree to transfer all copyright rights in and to the above work to the Engineering Journal (EJ)'s Editorial Board so that EJ's Editorial Board shall have the right to publish the work for nonprofit use in any media or form. In return, authors retain: (1) all proprietary rights other than copyright; (2) re-use of all or part of the above paper in their other work; (3) right to reproduce or authorize others to reproduce the above paper for authors' personal use or for company use if the source and EJ's copyright notice is indicated, and if the reproduction is not made for the purpose of sale.