Molecular Dynamics Observation of Iron-Carbon Precursors of Carbon Nanotube and Development of Iron-Carbon Potential
Keywords:molecular dynamic simulation, DFT calculation, cluster
We have focused on the growth process of metal and carbon mixed clusters that are precursors for carbon nanotubes. The molecular dynamics method using the Brenner potential was employed for modeling carbon-carbon interactions as well as carbon-iron interactions. As for carbon-iron interactions, the parameters were derived using DFT calculation. The Finnis-Sinclair potential was employed for irons. In order to observe the deposition process of carbon atoms, we adjusted the potential parameters to reproduce the bulk melting points of graphite, iron, and cementite, which was a model material of iron-carbon composite. We observed the initial growth process by preparing iron-carbon mixed clusters (approximately 200 iron atoms and 70 carbon atoms) as precursor clusters. Additional carbon atoms were then gradually supplied to this mixture at 1000 K and 1200 K. Consequently, the graphite structure was formed on the mixture surface, but at some phases, the cap structure was observed at 1200 K.
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