Two Different Portables Visible-Near Infrared and Shortwave Infrared Region for On-Tree Measurement of Soluble Solid Content of Marian Plum Fruit
Keywords:Handheld NIR spectrometer, Comparing the analytical ability, Soluble solids content, Partial least squares regression, Support vector machine regression
The goal of this study was to predict the soluble solid content (SSC) of on-tree Marian plum fruit using two different wavelength range and algorithm. One of these was the commercial dispersion NIR spectrometer (MicroNIR 1700), providing shortwave infrared (SWIR), while the other was a making diode array spectrometer giving visible-near infrared (Vis-NIR). To search optimal model, the analytical ability of the two wavelength ranges spectrometers coupled with two algorithms: i.e. partial least squares regression (PLSR) and support vector machine regression (SVR), were investigated. Different spectral pre-processing methods were tested. The model providing the lowest root mean square errors of prediction (RMSEP) was selected. Overall, the proposed outcome was that the performance of SWIR was more accurate than Vis-NIR spectrometer, and that both SWIR and Vis-NIR coupled with PLSR algorithm had a higher accuracy than SVR algorithm. The best model for on-tree evaluation SSC was the SWIR constructed using the PLSR algorithm with the spectral pre-processing of the 2nd derivative, providing a coefficient of determination of calibration set (R2) of 0.81, a coefficient of determination of validation set (r2) of 0.76, RMSEP of 0.69 °Brix, and a relative standard error of prediction (RSEP) of 4.43%. The outcome showed that a portable SWIR spectrometer developed with PLSR could be used for monitoring the SSC of individual Marian plum fruit on-tree for quality assurance.
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