Optimization of Biodiesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil in a Continuous Mesoscale Oscillatory Baffled Reactor

Authors

  • Malee Santikunaporn Thammasat University
  • Tattep Techopittayakul Thammasat University
  • Snunkheam Echaroj Thammasat University
  • Sumaeth Chavadej Chulalongkorn University
  • Yi-Hung Chen National Taipei University of Technology
  • Min-Hao Yuan China Medical University
  • Channarong Asavatesanupap Thammasat University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4186/ej.2020.24.2.19

Keywords:

waste cooking oil, biodiesel, transesterification, oscillatory baffled reactor

Abstract

In this study, a mesoscale oscillatory baffled reactor (OBR) was used to synthesize high methyl esters from waste cooking oil (WCO) in an alcoholic hydroxide solution. Preliminary experiments were conducted to screen for appropriate oscillating frequency and reaction temperature for the transesterification of WCO. Response surface methodology (RSM) based on the Box-Behnken design (BBD) was employed to investigate the influence of residence time, amount of catalyst and methanol-to-oil molar ratio on the fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) content of the product obtained from the OBR.  Based on the response surface approach, the optimum operating conditions for this process were as: a residence time of 60 s, a catalyst content of 3.0%, and a methanol-to-oil molar ratio of 11.  The physical and chemical properties of the product obtained were found to meet the standards.

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Author Biographies

Malee Santikunaporn

Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Thammasat University, Patumthani 12120, Thailand

Tattep Techopittayakul

Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Thammasat University, Patumthani 12120, Thailand

Snunkheam Echaroj

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Thammasat University, Patumthani 12120, Thailand

Sumaeth Chavadej

The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand

Yi-Hung Chen

Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan 10608

Min-Hao Yuan

Department of Occupational Safety and Health, China Medical University, Taichung, 40402, Taiwan

Channarong Asavatesanupap

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Thammasat University, Patumthani 12120, Thailand

Published

Vol 24 No 2, Mar 31, 2020

How to Cite

[1]
M. Santikunaporn, “Optimization of Biodiesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil in a Continuous Mesoscale Oscillatory Baffled Reactor ”, Eng. J., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 19-28, Mar. 2020.

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