Synthesis of Light Hydrocarbons via Oxidative Coupling of Methane over Silica-supported Na<sub>2</sub>WO<sub>4</sub>-TiO<sub>2</sub> Catalyst
Methane is of great interest for conversion into high-value hydrocarbons (C2+) and olefins, via oxidative coupling of methane (OCM) using catalysts. In this work, Na2WO4-TiO2/SiO2 catalyst, along with the single catalysts of its components (Na2WO4/SiO2 and TiO2/SiO2), was investigated for OCM reaction to C2+. We found that 5 wt% Na2WO4+ 5 wt% TiO2 on the SiO2 support was a superior catalyst for OCM reaction compared to the single catalysts. The maximum C2+ formation of the Na2WO4-TiO2/SiO2 catalyst was found under test conditions of a N2/(4CH4:1O2) feed gas ratio of 1:1, a reactor temperature of 700 ºC, and gas hourly space velocity of 9,500 h−1, exhibiting 71.7% C2+ selectivity, 6.8% CH4 conversion, and 4.9% C2+ yield. Moreover, the activity of the catalyst had good stability over 24 h of on-stream testing. The characterizations of the Na2WO4-TiO2/SiO2 catalyst using XRD, FT-IR, XPS, FE-SEM, and TEM revealed that a crystalline structure of α-cristobalite of SiO2 was present along with TiO2 crystals, substantially enhancing the activity of the catalyst for OCM reaction to C2+.
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