Numerical Simulation of Currents and Volume Transport in the Malacca Strait and Part of South China Sea

  • Yudi Haditiar Universitas Syiah Kuala
  • Mutiara R. Putri Bandung Institute of Technology
  • Nazli Ismail Universitas Syiah Kuala
  • Zainal A. Muchlisin Universitas Syiah Kuala
  • Syamsul Rizal Universitas Syiah Kuala
Keywords: monsoons, sea surface height, currents, Malacca Strait, South China Sea

Abstract

The aim of this work is to determine the hydrodynamics of the Malacca Strait (MS) and the southern part of the South China Sea (SCS). The study uses the two-dimensional numerical model with a finite-difference method. The results show that the sea levels in MS and part of SCS are reversed and consistent with assimilation data that derived from Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA). Sea level in northern MS is lower than that in the southern part during January and July. However, the interval of sea level elevation in both January and July appears differently. It is steeper in January than in July. Therefore, the currents and transports during January are stronger than those during July. However, in general, the direction of currents and volume transport of MS flow to the Andaman Sea both in January and July. In SCS, the pattern is relatively the same as in MS; that is, the currents during January are stronger than those during July.

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Author Biographies

Yudi Haditiar

Graduate School of Mathematics and Applied Sciences, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia

Mutiara R. Putri

Department of Oceanography, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung 40132, Indonesia

Nazli Ismail

Department of Physics, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia

Zainal A. Muchlisin

1 Graduate School of Mathematics and Applied Sciences, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia

 

2 Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia

Syamsul Rizal

Graduate School of Mathematics and Applied Sciences, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia

Department of Marine Sciences, Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia

Published In
Vol 23 No 6, Nov 30, 2019
How to Cite
[1]
Y. Haditiar, M. R. Putri, N. Ismail, Z. A. Muchlisin, and S. Rizal, “Numerical Simulation of Currents and Volume Transport in the Malacca Strait and Part of South China Sea”, Eng. J., vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 129-143, Nov. 2019.