A New Activated Carbon Prepared from Sago Palm Bark through Physiochemical Activated Process with Zinc Chloride

Authors

  • Iqbal Khalaf Erabee University Putra Malaysia
  • Amimul Ahsan University Putra Malaysia
  • Abid Wahid Zularisam Universiti Malaysia Pahang
  • Syazwani Idrus University Putra Malaysia
  • Nik Norsyahariati Nik Daud University Putra Malaysia
  • Thirugnanasambantham Arunkumar Anna University
  • Ravishankar Sathyamurthy S.A. Engineering College
  • Aiman Eid Al-Rawajfeh Tafila Technical University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4186/ej.2017.21.5.1

Abstract

This study aimed to use sago palm bark to formulate a new adsorbent activated carbon (AC) contains highly surface area through physicochemical method via ZnCl2 activation. Conduction of the activation process was performed at varying impregnation ratios (0.5 - 2.0). Thermal decomposition was determined using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Porosity characterizations of AC were conducted by using N2 adsorption-desorption in order to characterise properties like pore volume, surface area, and micropore volume. To detect the presence of functional groups which were found on the surface of AC, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis was utilised. Morphology of AC was determined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Experimental results showed that maximum AC surface area was 1737 m2/g. Activation temperature was revealed to be 700oC, with chemical impregnation ratio of zinc chloride to a precursor equal to 1.5/1.

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Author Biographies

Iqbal Khalaf Erabee

Department of Civil Engineering, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Thi-Qar, Iraq

Amimul Ahsan

Department of Civil Engineering, Uttara University, Dhaka 1230, Bangladesh
Department of Civil and Construction Engineering, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia

Abid Wahid Zularisam

Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

Syazwani Idrus

Department of Civil Engineering, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Nik Norsyahariati Nik Daud

Department of Civil Engineering, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Thirugnanasambantham Arunkumar

Institute for Energy Studies, Anna University, Chennai, 600025, Tamil Nadu, India

Ravishankar Sathyamurthy

Department of Mechanical Engineering, S.A. Engineering College, Chennai-600077, Tamil Nadu, India

Aiman Eid Al-Rawajfeh

Tafila Technical University, Department of Chemical Engineering, P.O. Box 179, Tafila 66110, Jordan

Published

Vol 21 No 5, Sep 29, 2017

How to Cite

[1]
I. K. Erabee, “A New Activated Carbon Prepared from Sago Palm Bark through Physiochemical Activated Process with Zinc Chloride”, Eng. J., vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 1-14, Sep. 2017.

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