A New Trend of Physical Concentration in Resources Recycling
Keywords:Smart comminution, electrical disintegration, sensor based sorting, horizontal recycling.
Physical separation is one of the key technologies in the field of resources recycling for concentrating targeted component(s) and could create an environment friendly recycling process because of their relatively low energy consumption and low cost required. Physical separation process involves two kinds of stages, one is comminution for achieving the liberation of targeted component(s) and the other is real separation of target component(s) from the others. Recently a variety of smart comminution processes, involving mechanical and electrical disintegration as well as the pre-treatment, is developed for aiming selective breakage of phase boundaries of the solid materials to be recycled. The paper indicated several examples of such processes, (1) selective mechanical comminution for effective utilization of aluminum dross, (2) two-stage comminution for recovering minor rare metals from electronic appliances, and (3) concentration of platinum group metals from spent automobile catalyst. The paper also mentioned a sensor based sorting (SBS) process by combining several sensing systems, XRT and XRF, to achieve a horizontal recycling of scrap aluminum.
Authors who publish with Engineering Journal agree to transfer all copyright rights in and to the above work to the Engineering Journal (EJ)'s Editorial Board so that EJ's Editorial Board shall have the right to publish the work for nonprofit use in any media or form. In return, authors retain: (1) all proprietary rights other than copyright; (2) re-use of all or part of the above paper in their other work; (3) right to reproduce or authorize others to reproduce the above paper for authors' personal use or for company use if the source and EJ's copyright notice is indicated, and if the reproduction is not made for the purpose of sale.