Reviews on Micro-Grid Configuration and Dedicated Hybrid System Optimization Software Tools: Application to Laos

Authors

  • Sengprasong Phrakonkham Université Pierre et Marie Curie
  • Jean-Yves Le Chenadec IUT de Cachan
  • Demba Diallo Université Pierre et Marie Curie
  • Ghislain Remy Université Pierre et Marie Curie
  • Claude Marchand Université Pierre et Marie Curie

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4186/ej.2010.14.3.15

Keywords:

Energy excess, hybrid systems, micro-grid, multi-objective optimization, renewable energy.

Abstract

The grid connection to rural and remote areas is very uneconomic to carry out. Moreover, the utility network is not designed to fulfill the growing needs of the population and may be destabilized by new consumers. Therefore, it is more economical to electrify those areas with a micro-grid by means of existing renewable energy sources available locally. The micro-grid configuration represents the energy distribution architecture from the producing sites to consumers and eventually the interconnection between several sites and several consumers. The design and study of such a grid configuration is realized with simulation tools and has to be considered from the system level with economical matters in addition to the technical aspects. As for the optimization of a hybrid/micro-grid system, several software tools have been developed and designed to simulate and optimize hybrid systems. In this paper, an analysis of the current status of electrification in Laos is presented. Then, a literature review of the existing micro-grid configuration is presented and a case study of a typical rural, remote and isolated village in Laos is simulated, using some of the selected software tools.

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Author Biographies

Sengprasong Phrakonkham

Laboratoire de Génie Electrique de Paris (LGEP) / SPEE-Labs, CNRS UMR 8507; SUPELEC; Université Pierre et Marie Curie P6; Université Paris-Sud 11; 11 rue Joliot Curie, Plateau de Moulon F91192 Gif sur Yvette CEDEX, France
Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Laos, Vientiane 01000, Laos

Jean-Yves Le Chenadec

Département de Génie Electrique et Electrotechnique, IUT de Cachan, Cachan Cedex 94234, Université Paris Sud 11, France

Demba Diallo

Laboratoire de Génie Electrique de Paris (LGEP) / SPEE-Labs, CNRS UMR 8507; SUPELEC; Université Pierre et Marie Curie P6; Université Paris-Sud 11; 11 rue Joliot Curie, Plateau de Moulon F91192 Gif sur Yvette CEDEX, France

Ghislain Remy

Laboratoire de Gnie Electrique de Paris (LGEP) / SPEE-Labs, CNRS UMR 8507; SUPELEC; Universit Pierre et Marie Curie P6; Universit Paris-Sud 11; 11 rue Joliot Curie, Plateau de Moulon F91192 Gif sur Yvette CEDEX, France

Claude Marchand

Laboratoire de Gnie Electrique de Paris (LGEP) / SPEE-Labs, CNRS UMR 8507; SUPELEC; Universit Pierre et Marie Curie P6; Universit Paris-Sud 11; 11 rue Joliot Curie, Plateau de Moulon F91192 Gif sur Yvette CEDEX, France

Published

Vol 14 No 3, May 6, 2010

How to Cite

[1]
S. Phrakonkham, J.-Y. Le Chenadec, D. Diallo, G. Remy, and C. Marchand, “Reviews on Micro-Grid Configuration and Dedicated Hybrid System Optimization Software Tools: Application to Laos”, Eng. J., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 15-34, May 2010.

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