Assessment of the Driving Factors Affecting Electricity Consumption in Africa Using Index Decomposition Analysis and Satellite Derived Data
Inadequate electricity access limits human development and affects quality of life in Africa. Hence, the improvement of electricity access has become a cornerstone of the African energy policy. This study proposes the use of satellite derived data of nighttime lighting and population count and Index Decomposition Analysis (IDA) to identify the driving factors for changes in electricity consumption in Africa between 2000 and 2013. The results of decomposition analysis indicated that population growth throughout the continent resulted in increased electricity consumption, while other factors had different effects. The results of this study could contribute to the design of better energy policy to achieve sustainable development of the continent.